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Organic wine: meaning and reference specification

How organic wine is produced

vino biologico definizione disciplinare Unione Europea Terracruda vini biologici marchigiani Pesaro Urbino

What is organic farming

Organic farming is a concrete model of sustainable development based on respect for the environment, on the protection of natural resources and on the health of all, man, animals and environment. In recent years, the spread of organic farming, has made possible a less elitist consumption of products deriving from these crops. This happens not only in farms but also in wineries.

Disciplinary of organic wine

The European Commission has adopted several regulations for the implementation of quality schemes in the wine sector starting with the EU Implementing Regulation no. 203 of the 2012 with which the EC regulation n. 889/2008 with specific prescriptions for the production of organic wine. Currently, organic farms in the Union must comply with the European regulation 848/2018 of the 30 May 2018 on organic production and labeling of organic products and repealing the regulation (THIS) n. 834/2007 of the EU Council.

The organic wine specification provides for wineries a series of strict indications and restrictions for the oenological practice concerning heat treatments, the use of fertilizers, the use of sulphites, the desulphurization of musts, dealcoholation, treatment by electrodialysis etc..

Organic wine production is governed by Art. 18 and part VI of Annex II of the legislation contained in Reg. ME 848/2018:

Part VI: Came

  1. Scope of
  • 1.1. The rules set out in this part, in addition to the general production rules referred to in the articles 9, 10, 11, 16 e 18, apply to the organic production of products in the wine sector, as defined in the article 1, paragraph 2, letter l), of the regulation (EU) n. 1308/2013.
  • 1.2. Unless expressly provided otherwise in this part, regulations apply (THIS) n. 606/2009 (9) e (THIS) n. 607/2009 of the Commission (10).
  1. Use of certain products and substances
  • 2.1. The products of the wine sector are obtained from organic raw materials.
  • 2.2. Only products and substances authorized under the article 24 for use in organic production they can be used for the processing of products in the wine sector, even during the practices, the oenological processes and treatments, subject to the conditions and restrictions established by the regulation (EU) n. 1308/2013 and the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009, in particular from Annex I A of the latter.
  1. Oenological practices and restrictions
  • 3.1. Without prejudice to the sections 1 e 2 of this part and the specific restrictions and prohibitions provided for in points 3.2, 3.3 e 3.4, only practices are allowed, the oenological processes and treatments, with the restrictions provided for in the article 80 and from the article 83, paragraph 2, of the regulation (EU) n. 1308/2013, from the article 3, from articles from 5 a 9 and articles from 11 a 14 of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009 and the annexes to these regulations used before 1 August 2010.
  • 3.2. The use of the practices is prohibited, of the oenological processes and treatments listed below:a) partial cold concentration in accordance with Annex VIII, part I, section B.1, letter c), of the regulation (EU) n. 1308/2013;

    b) elimination of sulfur dioxide with physical procedures pursuant to Annex I A, point 8, of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009;

    c) electrodialysis treatment to ensure the tartaric stabilization of the wine in accordance with Annex I A, point 36, of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009;

    d) partial dealcoholization of wine pursuant to Annex I A, point 40, of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009;

    e) treatment with cation exchangers to ensure the tartaric stabilization of the wine in accordance with Annex I A, point 43, of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009.

  • 3.3. The use of practices, of the oenological processes and treatments listed below is allowed under the following conditions:a) heat treatments in accordance with Annex I A, point 2, of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009, provided the temperature does not exceed 75 °C;

    b) centrifugation and filtration, with or without inert filtration aid, pursuant to Annex I A, point 3, of the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009, provided the pore size is not less than 0,2 micrometers.

  • 3.4. Any changes introduced after 1 August 2010 regarding practices, the oenological processes and treatments provided for by the regulation (THIS) n. 1234/2007 or by the regulation (THIS) n. 606/2009 can be applied in organic winemaking only after the inclusion of such measures as permitted by this section e, if necessary, following an evaluation procedure in accordance with the article 24 of this regulation.

Terracruda: organic wine from the Marche region

For Terracruda the respect for man and the environment it is a priority, that's why starting from 2007 the entire production and vinification has been converted into organic wine production.

From the harvest 2020 Terracruda organic is also certified on the label by the appropriate EU stamp. The grapes of the Terracruda vineyards are harvested by hand respecting the environment and the wine tradition.

 

Reference legislation for the production of organic wine

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